Eric Richard Kandel; born November 7, 1929) is an American neuropsychiatrist. He was a recipient of the 2000 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his research on the physiological basis of memory storage in neurons. He shared the prize with Arvid Carlsson and Paul Greengard.
Kandel, who had studied psychoanalysis, wanted to understand how memory works. His mentor, Harry Grundfest,
said, If you want to understand the brain youre going to have to take
a reductionist approach, one cell at a time. So Kandel studied the
neural system of the sea slug Aplysia californica,
which has large nerve cells amenable to experimental manipulation and
is a member of the simplest group of animals known to be capable of
Kandel is a professor of biochemistry and biophysics at the College of Physicians and Surgeons at Columbia University. He is a Senior Investigator in the Howard Hughes Medical Institute.
He was also the founding director of the Center for Neurobiology and
Behavior, which is now the Department of Neuroscience at Columbia
University. Kandel’s popularized account chronicling his life and
research, In Search of Memory: The Emergence of a New Science of Mind, was awarded the 2006 Los Angeles Times Book Award for Science and Technology.